Memory disorders occur when damage to certain brain parts prevents or reduces the ability to store, retain, or remember memories. Memory disorders also impact cognitive capabilities and social behaviours, affecting language, problem-solving skills, and the ability to perform simple tasks. They can range from mild to severe and progressive to immediate.
Trauma, stroke, and other conditions such as an infection or reaction to the medicine, can lead to dementia and other memory problems. Dementia affects people of all ages but is commonly found in older people.